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Yury Laskin

Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu has confirmed that the main naval parade in St. Petersburg for Navy Day will take place on 26th July as scheduled, despite the COVID-19 pandemic. 46 warships and submarines from all Fleets will participate, including the Project 22350 frigate of ADMIRAL OF THE FLEET KASATONOV, the large landing ship PYTOR MORGUNOV and the submarine PETROPAVLOVSK-KAMCHATSKY. The pandemic has not affected the timing of the naval procurement plan either, Deputy Minister of Defence Alexei Krivoruchko said in an interview. He stated that the Navy will receive 22 combat ships and 15 support vessels in 2020 while future plans presume the commissioning of 20 warships and 20 support vessels in 2021 followed by 19 warships and 19 support vessels in 2022.

Ongoing construction

On 22nd May at the Severnaya verf shipyard, the Project 22350 frigate ADMIRAL GOLOVKO was floated out, with the supply and mounting of basic equipment onboard the ship to be completed by early next year. Mooring trials will begin in June 2021 and the embarkation of the crew two months later. It is planned to start sea trials at the beginning of 2022, and in the autumn of the same year, to present it to the Navy. The ADMIRAL GORSHKOV, lead ship of the 22350 Project, has been in service with the Northern Fleet since July 2018 and the ADMIRAL KASATONOV frigate has recently been completing trials in the Baltic sea and will be handed over to the Navy later this year with the ADMIRAL ISAKOV currently under construction at the shipyard. On 23rd April 2019, the Severnaya Shipyard laid down two modernised Project 22350 frigates, ADMIRAL AMELKO and ADMIRAL CHICHAGOV with two more expected to be laid down soon.

Project 22350 frigates carry two Kalibr-NK and/or Oniks universal shipborne launchers holding eight missiles each with the frigate ADMIRAL GORSHKOV taking part in the trials of the TSIRKON hypersonic cruise missile and video of the launching of the third Project 22350 ship ADMIRAL GOLOKOV was shown by the Zvezda broadcasting company. According to the TV channel, the frigate became the first Project 22350 ship to receive a fully Russian power plant. This comes after the Director of Severnaya verf, Igor Ponomarev, said in September of 2018 that only the fourth Russian frigate of Project would receive a fully Russian power plant.

Power projection

The Ministry of Defence has signed a contract with the Kerch-based Zaliv shipyard for the construction of the first two Russian universal landing ships, for a total sum of around 100 billion rubles. This was reported by the TASS news agency which quoted their source in the defence industries. The agency’s source also presumed that the laying ceremony should take place in the coming weeks though TASS does not have official confirmation of this. Although no official information is available, media commentators consider that future landing ship will be the Project 23900 developed by the Zelenodolsk Design Bureau. As TASS sources in the shipbuilding industry reported earlier, the displacement of the ship will be 25,000 tons, with a maximum length of about 220 metres. One landing ship will carry more than 20 heavy helicopters on board, feature a docking chamber for landing boats and will be able to transport up to 900 marines. Ships of such a class were not previously manufactured either in the Russian Federation or the Soviet Union. The Zaliv shipyard is technologically and logistically prepared to manage the task as one of the largest shipbuilding enterprises in Europe which in Soviet times, even built supertankers. The dry dock is 360 meters long and 60 meters wide.

A smaller class

Admiral Sergey Avakyants, Commander of Russia’s Pacific Fleet, confirmed to the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper that the PAVLOVSK, the fourth Project 22800 KARAKURT small missile ship designed for the Pacific Fleet, will be laid down at the Amur Shipyard this summer. He recalled that in total, the Pacific Fleet should receive six KARAKURTs with the Amur Shipbuilding Plant to manufacture four and two more to be built by the Vostochnaya verf in Vladivostok. In total, Russian Navy will receive 18 Project 22800 missile ships which will be divided between the Pacific, Baltic and Black Sea Fleets in an equal share of six units each.