The St.Petersburg-based Baltic Machine-Building Company presented the DROZD all-wheel-drive amphibious vehicle at the ARMY-2020 forum. Quoted by TV Zvezda, the official television network of the Russian Ministry of Defence, Chief Designer Sergey Tereshenkov said that a prototype of the amphibious car is currently being tested.
The DROZD patrol and reconnaissance amphibian vehicle, according to the designers, can be used both for military and civilian purposes. In the interview with Russian media, Tereshenkov mentioned that DROZD’s modular design means it could be adapted for use by the marines, navy, landing forces, and coastal troops. Its missions could include reconnaissance and special operations, logistics support and medical services. The designer also pointed out its utility for engineering troops, who could use it for setting up pontoon crossings, while possible civilian operators include rescue and fire services as
well as law enforcement agencies. The Chief designer made it clear that the impetus for the design of the amphibian vehicle was to “eliminate Russia’s lag in the field of high-speed planing amphibians”.
Its total weight is 2 tons (to carry a payload of up to 1.5 tons) and its lightweight structure is reportedly achieved through the use of composite materials, especially carbon fibre, which is used to create a load-bearing composite hull. The front wheels of the car are retracted into a horizontal position to increase seaworthiness in conditions up to Sea State 3 (wave height of 1.25 meters).
The amphibian reportedly features a maximum speed of up to 70 km per hour on the water and up to 100 km per hour on land with the power of its 260-horsepower diesel engine delivered via a three-speed automatic transmission. It has high level of cross-country ability and can be used on public roads, off-road, and in the waters of rivers, lakes and seas. Its range on land is stated as 800 km, reduced to 300 km on the water.