Start Archive: News & Articles

Archive: News & Articles


Counter-UAV: meeting emerging threats

The proliferation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is transforming conflicts, both ashore and afloat. Unmanned aerial vehicles are increasingly used for kinetic and non-kinetic attacks, along with their primary intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) mission. Attack UAVs – in function effectively cruise missiles – have been extensively used in the Red Sea, Syria and Iraq, […]

Nano-UAV and micro-UAV developments

The introduction of very small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has provided small infantry units with a new and potent reconnaissance and combat tool. Armed forces and industry are working to enhance their performance by improving range, endurance and payload capacity.     In the past, infantry forces frequently had no choice but to advance with limited situational […]

The war drones on

Over the past six months, the War in Ukraine has been reshaped due to both sides widely using various types of uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAVs). In 2022, Ukraine had the upper hand in this regard, but in 2023, Russia caught up, employing a variety of reconnaissance drones and disposable loitering munitions (often referred to as […]



Armoured Fury: Analysing Large Calibre Ammunition in the Ukraine Conflict

Tanks provide a vital form of fire support in Ukraine, which means that both sides rely extensively on high explosive (HE) and guided ammunition natures. If you watch enough videos and read enough reports, you will get a sense of the vast scale of Ukraine. It is more easily appreciated by driving; even the relatively […]

Sensor fusion: The future of land ISTAR?

As sensor fusion and AI begin to enter the networked warfighting space, armed forces have been experimenting with and implementing some of the new possibilities these technologies can provide.  In 2020 a data centre at Joint Base Lewis McChord in the US began to receive data from a number of low earth orbit satellites and […]

Patrol pairing

The arrival of uncrewed systems into force structures and operations is providing navies with an opportunity to harness the capabilities these systems can add to those of crewed platforms. This new force package is combining to generate force multiplying operational effects. However, there are still challenges to be worked through, including in both conceptual and […]



Finding the edge: sonar technologies and programmes

As submarines become quieter and operations shift towards the littorals, high-end sonar systems are needed in order to better detect and identify targets in the water column, especially in a cluttered environment. This article examines the latest technologies being used to improve sonar performance and the new products on the market that meet emerging naval […]

AUVs and ROVs make key contribution to seabed warfare

Providing sustained presence on station at depth below the surface is a role that sits neatly with uncrewed underwater vehicles. For emerging operational requirements such as seabed warfare, autonomous underwater vehicles and remotely operated vehicles combine to generate surveillance and response for this task. Seabed warfare is a new element to the maritime underwater domain, […]

Drone Challenge – Training Riposte

The adoption of uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAVs) such as the MQ-9 Reaper continues but this family of weapon platforms has now grown to include ‘hobbyist’ drones. Such systems create a demand for effective training both for users and those trying to counter them. In 1953, the British military strategist Basil Liddle-Hart said that “…the most […]



Blue water submarines: capabilities and requirements

Despite the ever-increasing number of navies harbouring ‘blue water’ naval ambitions, the total of those with the means to field this capability underwater is limited. The nuclear-powered submarine’s combination of speed and endurance continues to provide an unrivalled capacity to undertake long-range, oceanic deployment. However, few nations have either the technological base or financial resources […]

Modern ceramic armour for personal and vehicle protection

In response to the growing market for body and platform protection, Nurol Teknoloji, a major Turkish manufacturer of ceramic protective elements, is expanding its capacities, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The most recent step was the acquisition of the German ceramics specialist Industriekeramik Hochrhein (IKH) and its integration into the production process. Long-range weapons mean that […]

The UK NMH programme: a marathon as opposed to a sprint

The UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) finally issued an invitation to negotiate for its New Medium Helicopter requirement in February, but the history of the programme suggests that the fruits of this procurement initiative could still be years away. On 27 February 2024 the starting gun was fired on the next phase of the UK’s […]



Platforms for naval minehunting and mine disposal: Differing solutions to a common requirement

Technological developments in the field of naval mine countermeasures (MCM) are revolutionising a traditionally dangerous, difficult and time-consuming process. Advances in areas such as networking, autonomy and wider aspects of artificial intelligence are speeding the detection, identification, classification and disposal of mines. Significantly, they also offer the prospect of ‘taking the ship out of the […]

Portugal’s comprehensive equipment modernisation

The Portuguese Military Programming Law 2023–2034 – approved in July 2023 – seeks to provide a comprehensive boost to the modernisation of the country’s depleted armed forces by acquiring new equipment worth EUR 5.57 billion. This amount, the largest ever, foresees the acquisition of land, naval, air, cyber security, space capabilities, as well as emerging […]

Coastal defence

Coastal zones face a broad array of airborne and seaborne threats. Since defence against airborne threats is not unique to coastal zones, this article will focus on the seaborne category. The seaborne category includes a range of threats including: reconnaissance and direct attack missions by manned and unmanned vessels; stealth missions to conduct underwater sabotage, […]



Trouble in the spectrum

An innovative, new system employing artificial intelligence (AI) could help enhance the resilience of US Army tactical networks on the battlefield against aggressive electronic warfare. “Shoot, move, communicate” was the mantra of the US Army’s tactical doctrine in the 1980s. Seen as the three basic tasks a solider must achieve to not only survive, but […]

Growing some backbone

The United Kingdom’s Ministry of Defence (MoD) is forging ahead with an important overhaul of its strategic high-frequency communications. To some, it may seem an insignificant milestone, but on 9 July 2023, the UK’s Defence High Frequency Communications Service (DHFCS) celebrated its 21st birthday. The DHFCS provides a nationwide and international high frequency (HF) strategic […]

Brace for autonomy

In 2023 the UK’s House of Lords established a committee to investigate the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in weapon systems. It is valuable and important to have these inquiries, however, the resultant report has failed to properly take account of the current state of AI in weapon systems, and how it might change in […]



Farewell to Falconer?

The US Air Force (USAF) is continuing to modernise its Falconer command and control (C2) architecture, but does the system have a long-term future as the Pentagon embraces new warfighting doctrines? In August 2022, the USAF awarded a USD 319 million contract to SAIC, for sustainment and modernisation of the AN/USQ-163 Falconer C2 system, which […]

Desert fighters: Gulf air forces consolidate their combat capability

Dominated by fighter types produced by Western manufacturers, the air forces of the Gulf region remain a viable market for future fighter sales. While some Gulf states – effectively Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates – have made significant moves in recent years to indigenise defence production, in the aerospace sector these efforts have […]

Combat supply operations

Military commanders have always been concerned about supplying their forces on the ground. Determining stock levels, providing, distributing, and replenishing constitute the supply function. This article focuses on combat supply operations in a NATO environment from a French perspective. Supplying armies in the field has always been a concern for military leaders – supplies include […]




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